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DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The “International Payments” training has been added to’s offering.

This practical 2-day course has been tailored for banking professionals who have some experience in domestic payments and want to expand their knowledge of international payments. You will explore the key principles, concepts, practices and current developments in the international payments.

You will have a chance to learn about the principles of foreign exchange and currency, high-value global payments, purpose and role of SWIFT and CLS, global clearing and settlement mechanisms as well as about liquidity management, international trade facilitation, risk management, and legal and regulatory issues.

What will you learn

On completion of this course you will:

  • Gain the practical knowledge of all key processes and concepts in international payments
  • Learn about the various stages of low and high value payment process
  • Understand the role and functioning of SWIFT and CLS
  • Get to grips with foreign exchange and currency principles
  • Explore the mechanisms in clearing and settlement
  • Learn about liquidity management principles
  • Gain the tools for managing all risks involved
  • Understand the legal and regulatory frameworks
  • Explore the current market trends and challenges

Main topics covered during this training

  • Foreign exchange & currency principles
  • High-value global payments
  • Cross Border Retail Payments
  • Alternative Payment Arrangements & Systems (Correspondent Banking, Hawala)
  • Purpose & role of SWIFT,
  • Purpose & role of CLS
  • International Payments & the Law
  • International Standards, Conventions & Principles
  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF)
  • Anti-Money Laundering
  • Global Clearing & Settlement
  • Liquidity & Treasury management
  • International trade facilitation
  • How International Trade is financed
  • Risk management, and
  • Legal & Regulatory issues
  • Challenges for corporates in international payments
  • Current and future trends

Key Topics Covered:

Day 1

International Payments Primer

We introduce participants to the key concepts, principles, and terms relating to international payments. Delegates are provided a fundamental understanding of the field and a foundation for comprehending more advanced or topic-specific subject matter delivered subsequently in the program.

  • The purpose of a Payment System
  • Characteristics of International Payments
  • The Payment Process
  • The Current International Payments Scene
  • Who Makes International Payments

Cross-Border Retail Payments

  • Definitions and Overview
  • The Supply Side – Front End
  • Supply Side – Back End
  • Market Preferences
  • ISO 20022 and International Interlinking of Payment Infrastructures

Regional Integration Case Studies

  • Directo a Mxico
  • Arab Regional Payment System
  • SEPA

Interdiction & Enforcement Aspects of International Payments

  • International Payments & the Law
  • Local Laws
  • International Principles and AML Requirements
  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF)
  • Examples of Legal Payments Structures – The USA, The UK, European Union
  • Anti-Money Laundering
  • Suspicious Activities

High-Value Global Payments

  • TARGET T2-Securities

The Purpose & Role of SWIFT

  • SWIFT’s Evolution
  • Network & Transaction Volumes
  • Before SWIFT – How payments worked
  • What SWIFT is used for
  • The Role of SWIFT in Payments
  • BICs
  • Straight Through Processing
  • FIN Services – How it works
  • SWIFTNet
  • SWIFT Message Types
  • Cross Border ACH (SWIFT through a CUG)
  • The FIN Message Dissected
  • SWIFT Standards XML: Comparing FIN & XML, SWIFT Global Payments Innovation (GPI)

Global Clearing & Settlement

  • A Study in complexity
  • Settlement Under Correspondent Banking

Day 2

Foreign Exchange & Currency Principles

  • Foreign Exchange (FX) Terms
  • Nostro & Vostro
  • How Foreign Exchange Works – A Case Study
  • Exchange Rates – How rates are set, Supply & Demand, International Monetary Issues, Purchasing Power Parity
  • Foreign Exchange Issues: Gold Standard, National Fiat Money, Bretton Woods, Floating Rates

Alternative International Payment Systems

  • Hawala – What it is and how it works
  • A Case Study
  • Why is Hawala used?
  • Is Hawala Legal?
  • Hawala and Money Laundering
  • How the system can be misused

Workers’ Remittances

  • What are Remittances?
  • Who are the SenderS and the Receivers?

The Purpose, Role & Operation of CLS

This section deals with risks in International payments and the role of CLS in their mitigation.

International Payments and Risk

  • Herstatt Risk
  • What are all the Foreign Exchange Risks?
  • Settlement Methods and their Effect on Risk

The Mathematics of Foreign Exchange Settlement

  • How Exposures are Measured
  • The Foreign Exchange Settlement Process
  • Projecting FX Settlement Exposures
  • Duration of FX Settlement Exposures
  • Size and Duration of Exposures
  • Payment System Operating Hours & Time Zones

Continuous Linked Settlement

  • How CLS Works
  • Benefits of CLS
  • New CLS Services
  • CLS & Correspondent Banking

Liquidity Management

  • Traditional Tools of Liquidity Management
  • Managing Liquidity
  • Managing Liquidity Within a Bank System
  • Multi-Currency Liquidity Management

International Trade Facilitation

  • The Trade Process
  • Payments Within the Trade Process
  • Payments in International Trade
  • Documentary Credits & Documentary Collections
  • Linking Goods to Documents

Guarantees & Letters of Credit

  • Guarantees – types, uses and processes
  • Letters of Credit
  • Standby Letters of Credit

International Trade Financing Methods

  • Balancing cost and risk
  • Customer financing solutions – Letters of Credit, Documentary Collection

Risk Management in FX

  • What is Risk?
  • The Size of the Problem
  • FX Risks – Some Notes Case Studies

Managing Risks

  • Enterprise Risk Management
  • Implementing a Risk Management Policy
  • Operational Risk
  • Managing Operational Risk
  • Risk Analysis
  • Risk Appetite
  • Risk Impact Vs. Frequency
  • Risk Impact Vs. Probability
  • Regulation as a Payment System Risk

Advanced Legal and Regulatory Issues

  • Achieving an Efficient International Payment Service
  • UNCITRAL and its Model Law
  • FATF and International Payments

Corporate Perspectives & Challenges in International Payments

  • What Corporates Want
  • RosettaNet

Emerging Trends

  • How International Payments are Changing
  • What the Future may Hold


Richardard’s professional experience spans over 25 years. He started his career with Wells Fargo Bank, following by Fundtech and then moving to international advisory and consulting for the private and high-tech sectors providing high-level consulting, business analysis, project management and training to a wide range of banking clientele across the globe.

Over his career Richard was involved in International Trade Finance, Cross Border Payments and Settlements, Operational Risk, AML and Corporate Governance amongst others.

For more information about this training visit


Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager

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