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Artprice Presents a Ranking of Contemporary Art Museums in France Based on Google Opinions – Methodology and Facts, Which Have Been Legally Verified

Vlad Poptamas

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Artprice Headquarters
Reading Time: 2 minutes

 

Methodology: the Organe Contemporary Art Museum which manages the Abode of Chaos wished to measure the Internet popularity of Contemporary Art Museums in France in as reliable a manner as possible.

After consultation with the statisticians and econometricians at Server Group and Artprice we agreed that only Google’s ‘ecosystem’ (search engine, Google Maps, Google Street View, Google Earth, Google Photos, and others Google applications) is indisputably the only legitimate reference on the Internet, both in terms of the number of users and visibility, but also in terms of reliability with real-time security measures that Google uses to avoid fraud.

Google is the only internet operator to systematically post all the cultural venues of each country all over the world. To date, we are not aware of any Contemporary Art Museum in France that has refused to appear in Google’s applications. In fact, Google is today considered by 97% of the French population as the only player to have replaced the old French directories (white and yellow pages). Opinions posted on Google are not influenced or impacted by Google’s commercial initiatives or those of any third parties. From that point of view, Google’s services are totally unique on the Internet.

The methodology adopted involved identifying all Contemporary Art Museums, whatever their location, with more than 500 opinions/reviews to their names. This high number avoids any distortions that could be associated with smaller samples.

This ranking, legally verified by a notary public, may not under any circumstances be Interpreted as a qualitative ranking; it only provides an econometric analysis of the massive flows of information from Google’s databanks. All the museum names mentioned in this ranking, and in particular the description of Google’s ecosystem, are the property of their respective authors.

CITY

NAME

RANKING

REVIEWS

Saint-Romain-au-Mont-d’Or

The Organe Museum – The Abode of Chaos

4.6

1,171

Paris

The Pompidou Center

4.4

32,483

Paris

Louis Vuitton Foundation

4.4

7,721

Paris

Palace Tokyo

4.4

5,141

Paris

Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art

4.4

1,451

Bussy-Saint-Martin

FRAC Île-de-France – The Castle (Park Rentilly Cultural- Michel Chartier)

4.4

883

Paris

Jeu de Paume

4.4

863

Le Havre

MuMa André Malraux Museum of Modern Art

4.3

1,231

Villeneuve-d’Ascq

LaM, Lille, Métropole Museum of Modern Art, Contemporary Art and Art Brut

4.3

1,161

Strasbourg

MAMCS, Museum of Modern Art of Strasbourg

4.2

1,640

Toulouse

Les Abattoirs – FRAC Occitanie Toulouse

4.2

1,354

Nîmes

Carré d’Art-Museum of Contemporary Art

4.2

585

Vitry-sur-Seine

MAC VAL

4.2

584

Saint-Priest-en-Jarez (Saint-Etienne Métropole)

Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art

4.2

518

Nice

Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Nice

4.1

1,723

Lyon

Museum of Contemporary Art

4.1

826

Bordeaux

CAPC art museum contemporary Bordeaux

3,9

1,056

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Artprice: Events Marking Gustave Courbet’s Bicentennial Could Stimulate His Market

Vlad Poptamas

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thierry Erhmann, Collective Work: The Abode of Chaos / La Demeure du Chaos. Yan Pei-Ming (left) and Gustave Courbet (right)
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Gustave Courbet was born on 10 June 1819 in Ornans, a small town in Franche-Comté that has been home to the Courbet Museum since 2013. This Monday, to mark the bicentennial of the birth of this major artist (more in terms of Art History than on today’s market…) the museum is opening an exhibition entitled “Yan Pei-Ming face à Courbet” that shows works by the painter of the Origin of the World alongside works by Chinese painter Yan Pei-Ming, who has been living in Dijon since 1980.

Some of Courbet’s self-portraits (The Desperate Man, The Wounded Man) and genre scenes (Burial at OrnansBonjour Monsieur Courbet [The Meeting]) are among the most famous paintings in art history. But Courbet’s œuvre also consists, above all, of a large number of landscapes and hunting scenes. Throughout his life, Courbet continued to paint what he really wanted to paint, true to his origins and to a fundamental attraction to woodland scenes, craggy cliffs and seascapes. It’s these works that make up the bulk of his auction market nowadays.

According to thierry Ehrmann, founder/CEO of Artprice: “Sometimes dark, sometimes radiant, there is something quintessentially contemporary about Courbet’s painting. In 2014, the Fondation Beyeler exhibited his works alongside works by market superstar Peter Doig who claims to have been heavily influenced by Courbet. We also know that Jeff Koons counts among his greatest admirers and also collects his paintings.”

Gustave Courbet’s work has been popular outside France for a very long time. His thirteen best auction results were all hammered in England and the United States and his current auction record – $15.3 million for Reclining Nude (1862) – was set by Christie’s New York in 2015. An exceptional amount for an exceptional painting. Confiscated in 1943 by the Nazi regime, it was returned to the heirs of Baron Ferenc Hatvany 62 years later. It was subsequently shown in the major Gustave Courbet retrospective presented at the Grand Palais in Paris, then the New York MET in 2007/2008.

However, that result was, and has remained, quite exceptional because Courbet’s larger works are extremely rare at auction: less than 2% of his auction lots reach the million-dollar threshold. The core of his market consists of works fetching between $10,000 and $200,000, mostly small oils-on-canvas, landscapes measuring less than a square metre. Courbet’s œuvre is almost entirely painted; only 20 drawings and 9 engravings have been auctioned since 2000, versus 352 paintings.

Like most 19th century artists, Gustave Courbet’s market is relatively immune to Art Market euphoria. But that hasn’t always been the case. His prices have stabilized over the last 30 years after enjoying extremely rapid growth in the 1980s. The successive sales of his painting Lisière de forêt (Forest Edge) (1865) – sold seven times at auction since its creation – perfectly illustrate the evolution of his market:

  • 20 April 1874 – FFr2,400 – Paris
  • 18 June 1917 – Dfl4,500 – F. Mueller, Amsterdam
  • 3 April 1974 – £9,500 – Sotheby’s London
  • 28 November 1988 – £110,000 – Christie’s London
  • 31 October 2000 – $82,750 – Sotheby’s New York
  • 24 October 2006 – $162,000 – Sotheby’s New York
  • 8 November 2013 – $118,750 – Sotheby’s New York

The sales history of this work illustrates three major characteristics of Gustave Courbet’s market:

  1. An exponential increase in prices before 1990, followed by a period of relative and volatile contraction
  2. A geographical shift of his market from Europe to the United States
  3. A progressive acceleration of exchanges with 43, 57, 12, 12, 6 and 7 years between each sale

The most intense period of price growth corresponds to the Impressionist bubble of the 1980s, which economists have linked to the strong growth in the purchasing power of Japanese buyers who focused their acquisitions on European works from the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. It was at this time (29 October 1987) that Japanese collector Michimasa Murauchi acquired Le Chêne de Flagey (The Oak at Flagey) (1864) for $462,000at Sotheby’s in New York. Five years ago, the Courbet Museum in Ornans managed to acquire the work, but it had to pay $5.5 million, i.e. 10 times more than its 1987 price.

The Oak at Flagey is a much larger canvas than Forest Edge (1865), but the difference in price between the two works in the late 1980s ($462,000 for the former, $198,000 for the latter) was much smaller than it later became in 2013 ($5.5 million versus $118,750). Congratulations to Murauchi for making such a superb acquisition in 1987. The following year the price of Forest Edge($192,000) was probably already inflated by the impressionist bubble. Over the past 30 years, the price of this painting has fluctuated, while that of the The Oak at Flagey, on the contrary, has soared.

 

SOURCE Artprice.com

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Artprice: Big Is Beautiful! Expected Record at New York Auction for Louise Bourgeois

Vlad Poptamas

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Giuseppe Bezzuloli (1784 - 1855) - Folly driving the chariot of Love L: 4.8 m; H: 3.4 m.
Reading Time: 3 minutes

 

One of Louise Bourgeois’s six Spider sculptures, measuring more than 7 meters across and 3 meters tall, will be offered for sale at Christie’s on 15 May 2019 in New York. Numbered 3/6 in the series, the work already fetched $28.2 million in 2015 and Louise Bourgeois’s prices have stayed steady since then.

It could become the most expensive artwork by a female artist ever sold at auction.

Like it or not, when it comes to art, size is very important. Giant works fascinate us because they transcend our own scale. Who isn’t impressed by huge paintings like Pablo Picasso’s Guernica (at the Reina Sofía Museum in Madrid) or Veronese’s Les Noces de Cana (at the Louvre Museum in Paris)?” says thierry Ehrmann, Artprice’s Founder/CEO.

In general, an artist’s largest works attract the strongest demand. For equivalent quality, the larger works will almost always be worth more than the smaller works.

This week, Artprice picks out a selection of 10 monumental works auctioned in 2018 in each of the major artistic mediums.

PAINTINGS

Zao Wou-Ki – Juin-Octobre 1985 
10 x 2.8 meters

On 30 September 2018Zao Wou-Ki’s Juin-Octobre 1985 triptych – his largest work still in circulation – caused a major sensation when it was re-offered for sale at Sotheby’s. In May 2005, Christie’s sold the same work in Hong Kong for $2.3 million. Thirteen and a half years later, its value exceeded $65 million, i.e. no less than 28 times its previous value.

Mark Bradford – Helter Skelter I (2007)
10 x 3.65 meters

American painter Mark Bradford had a particularly good year in 2018. In 2017, he represented the United States at the Venice Biennale. But it wasn’t until the first half of the following year that his prices began to inflate rapidly, generating three new auction records.

On 8 March 2018, his Helter Skelter I (2007) came close to $12 million at Phillips in London. This huge piece was a key element in the exhibition Collage: The Unmonumental Picture organized by the New York Museum in New York in 2008.

Osgemeos – It is Supposed to be Raining But… (2008)
2.5 x 2.5 metres

This large format canvas allowed the Brazilian duo of graphic artists to express their art in superb style. Accustomed to large facades, the two street artists have produced a large number of reasonably dimensioned paintings for the market. However, their very large canvases capture all the power of their street art. On 26 June 2018, the painting fetched $132,000 at Phillips in London.

DRAWINGS

Takashi Murakami – Dragon in Clouds-Red Mutation (2010)
18 x 3.6 meters

Takashi Murakami’s imaginary world stands at the crossroads of manga culture and Sino-Japanese mythology. In April 2018, the auction house Council sold one of his three large-scale interpretations of Asia’s most popular mythical creature, the dragon. His colossal drawing – red ink on paper – titled Dragon in Clouds-Red Mutation seduced Chinese collectors in Shanghai, fetching more than $8.8 million.

Giuseppe Bezzuloli – Folly driving the cart of Love 
481 x 344 cm

Commissioned in 1848 to paint the ceiling of the Palazzo Gerini in Florence, Giuseppe Bezzuloli executed this study on the theme of Love and Madness. The final fresco still adorns the ceiling of the famous Tuscan Palace.

Estimated between $50,000 and $80,000, the drawing was purchased for $275,000 at Christie’s in New York on 30 January 2018. Nowadays, very large-scale historical works are extremely rare on the market and this post-Renaissance drawing – which still retains all its power – was a superb acquisition.

SCULPTURE

KAWS – Clean Slate (2014)
5.5 x 5.5 x 7.5 meters

Kaws is currently an in vogue artist par excellence… from New York… to Hong Kong. The American street artist has conquered the international art market with his colorful paintings, his large-scale figurines and his monumental sculptures. Clean Slate (2014) was shown all around the world (Shanghai, Ibiza, Hong Kong and Fort Worth) before being put on sale by Phillips in New York, where it was acquired for nearly $2 million.

Philippe de Buyster (Attrib.) – Vierge de pitié (c.1650-60)
1.6 x 0.5 x 1.3 meters

This 17th century Pietà was one of the very few large-scale Old Master works sold last year. In perfect condition, the terracotta sculpture came from the Chapel of Château d’Autricourt in Burgundy (France). Christie’s sold the piece for $58,000 (including costs) in Paris on 19 June 2018.

Joana Vasconcelos – Betty Boop (2010)
4.1 x 1.5 x 3 meters

This huge high-heeled shoe made of stainless steel pots and concrete is a perfect example of Joana Vasconcelos’s taste for oversize. The Franco-Portuguese artist has never been afraid to invest large places like the Bon Marché department store in Paris or the Palace of Versailles where Betty Boop (2010) was presented in the Hall of Mirrors in 2012.

PHOTOGRAPHY

Gilbert & George – Thirty-Five Locations (2003)
422 x 361 cm

The British duo Gilbert & George is not doing as well on the secondary market as in 2008, but their unique large-format photos continue to fetch very good prices. Consisting of 24 rectangular sections, Thirty-Five Locations resembles a huge stained glass window in black, white and red. It was the largest photographic work sold during 2018 and fetched $150,000 at Sotheby’s in New York (17 May).

MIXED MEDIA

Tracey Emin – Dark Dark Dark (2007)
3.6 x 1.6 x 1.5 metres

In 2007 Artwise commissioned Tracey Emin to customise four Fiat 500s (each unique) for a charity sale. On 5 December 2018 at Phillips’ New Now sale, one of them fetched $8,000. In the catalogue Phillips warned Please note this lot is offered as an art work, and not a motor vehicle…

The use of motor vehicles as an artistic medium may seem bizarre, but several major artists have lent themselves to the exercise in the past. The BMW Art Car project, for example, allowed Andy WarholDavid Hockney and Jeff Koons to completely transform the exteriors of cars.

Copyright ©2019 thierry Ehrmann – www.artprice.com

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Artprice: The 10 Top-selling Artworks Created After the 2008 Financial Crisis

Vlad Poptamas

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Global Fine Art auction turnover
Reading Time: 4 minutes

 

The year 2008 marked a turning point for the Art Market and for the global economy as a whole. In retrospect, Sotheby’s 15 September 2008 sale Beautiful Inside My Head Forever dedicated to works by Damien Hirst – just hours before the collapse of Lehman Brothers Bank and its repercussions on art sales throughout the world – now looks like the swan song of a different era.

However, as thierry Ehrmann, Founder/CEO of Artprice tells us, “The impact of the financial crisis did not affect artistic creation; the significant changes we have seen since 2008 are essentially due to changes within the internal structure of the Art Market.

“The main development is of course the growth of the Chinese market, but we have also seen the growth of Art as a financial investment. Negative or near-zero interest rates, which undermine the value of savings, have increasingly pushed capital towards alternative investments… and Art generates very attractive returns. The large number of artworks created over the last ten years that have already sold in public auctions prove that Contemporary Art represents a sensational market.”

Global Fine Art auction turnover
[https://imgpublic.artprice.com/img/wp/sites/11/2019/04/auction-turnover.png]

Artprice presents 10 artists who have already marked the secondary market with works created after the 2008 financial crisis.

1. Cui Ruzhuo (b. 1944): The Grand Snowing Mountains (2013)

$39,577,000 – 4 April 2016, Poly Auction, Hong Kong

The Chinese painter Cui Ruzhuo is one of the most successful living artists in the Art Market, on a par with Gerhard Richter and David Hockney. However, unlike the latter two, his best works – those for which demand is the strongest – are his most recent. The result hammered for a mountain-scene panorama measuring over 8 meters wide and 3 meters high – The Grand Snowing Mountains (2013) – illustrates the immense success of this new giant of Chinese painting who remains far too unknown in the West.

2. Jeff Koons (b. 1955): Popeye (2009/11)

$28,165,000 – 14 May 2014, Sotheby’s, New York

A month before his retrospective began at the Whitney Museum (27 June 27 – 19 October 2014), the Prince of Kitsch Jeff Koons saw his Popeye sculpture (2009/11) become the subject of furious bidding at an evening sale at Sotheby’s New York. The sculpture,  the first in a series of three, was to be one of the highlights of the Jeff Koons exhibition at the Whitney Museum, and was also shown at the Centre Pompidou in Paris and the Bilbao Guggenheim.

3. Mark Grotjahn (b. 1968): Untitled (S III Released to France Face 43.14) (2011)

$16,767,500 – 17 May 2017, Christie’s, New York

Represented by the Gagosian Gallery since 2008, the American painter Mark Grothjahn saw his prices rise gradually until 2017. Then, in the space of just twelve months, his price index shot up 75%… before falling back again the following year. In 2018, another of his large format paintings, Untitled (Black over Red Orange “Mean as a Snake” Face 842)(2010), fetched $7,073,000.

4. Gerhard Richter (b. 1932): Abstraktes Bild (2009)

$9,093,300 – 5 March 2019, Sotheby’s, London

Large abstract paintings by Gerhard Richter are among the most expensive artworks in the world. In February 2015Abstraktes bild (1986) fetched over $46 million setting a sensational record for Germany’s Art Market leader. The sale of Abstraktes Bild (2009) shows that collectors are increasingly valuing his recent production, which could be as valuable as his earlier works (1965 – 1990) in the long run.

5. Rudolf Stingel (b. 1956): Untitled (2012)

$7,939,000 – 8 March 2018Phillips London

Rudolf Stingel is also supported Larry Gagosian and has also greatly benefited from the dealer’s international power and standing. In 2015, the Gagosian presented Stingel’s work in Asia for the first time with a series of paintings Untitled(2012) that reproduced wall fragments from his double exhibition at the Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art and the Whitney Museum in New York in 2007. During those shows, visitors were invited to write inscriptions of all kinds on the walls of the two prestigious museums. Stingel reproduced certain details using electro-formed copper which he subsequently covered with gold.

6. Jin Shangyi (b. 1934): Peony Pavilion (2013)

$7,829,400 – 31 May 2014China Guardian, Canton

Chinese painter Jin Shangyi is a master oil painter. Known for his portraits (including female nudes in the late 1980s), he is one of the most original Chinese artists of his generation. His work was much in demand in 2013, as shown by the value of his 1999 canvas Monk Painter Kun Can:

– $2,088,500, 13 May 2007 – China GuardianBeijing

– $6,326,500, 1 June 2013 – Poly Auction, Beijing

– $4,436,500, 16 June 2018 – China GuardianBeijing

7. Yayoi Kusama (b. 1929): Pumpkin (TWPOT) (2010)

$6,937,500 – 1 April 2019, Sotheby’s, Hong Kong

She is the most successful female artist on the global Art Market, all periods of creation combined. The 707 works by Yayoi Kusama auctioned around the world in 2018 generated $103 million, covering more than sixty years of artistic creation from the early 1950s to canvases painted in the past 5 years, which are already being resold.

8. Adrian Ghenie (b. 1977): Boogeyman (2010)

$6,354,000 – 5 October 2018, Sotheby’s, London

The youngest artist in this ranking and the figurehead of new European expressionism, the Romanian painter Adrian Ghenie joined the Pace Gallery in 2013 and his work has already been purchased by some of the world’s leading Contemporary Art museums, including the Centre Georges Pompidou. Both tenebrous and colorful, his paintings do not hide the influence of Van Gogh and Francis Bacon, sometimes with quite direct references.

9. George Condo (b. 1957): Nude and forms (2014)

$6,162,500 – 17 May 2018, Christie’s, New York

In 2018, George Condo conquered the world. With more than $55 million in auction turnover between New York (56%), London (30%) and Hong Kong (12%), Condo is one of the top 50 most successful artists of all time. His market is now more active than that of Jasper Johns or Frank Stella.

10. Mark Tansey (b. 1949): Hedge (2011)

$5,653,000 – 14 May 2015, Phillips, New York

Although Mark Tansey’s works rarely appear at auction (a total of just 103 lots over the last 30 years), demand is ever-stronger for his work. Today his market is entirely divided between New York (90%) and London (10%), but he is very likely to be sold in Asia soon.

 

SOURCE Artprice.com

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